Re: thank you!!!!!!!
> Hi admin,
> Thank you very much.
> Now I know both cytotechnologists and pathologists can read Gyn and nonGyn cytology in a lab,then what's the diffrence between them? can cytotechnologists give a diagnoses after reading the slices? what is the meaning of "screening" in "screening" slides?
> Good luck to you.
A cytotechnologist has a degree, ie. BS degree in the US, and then additional schooling in an accredited cytotechnology school for a year (alternatively, some universities offer a cytotechnology degree program). They sit for ASCP registry examination for cytotechnology upon completion. They are not a physician, but they can sign out negative GYN cytology without review by a physician. A pathologist is a physician, with a BS degree, then additional 4 years of medical school, followed by a 5 year residency program. A cytopathologist has an additional 1-2 years training in cytopathology with successful passing of a special board qualification examination in cytopathology.
GYN slides are in most instances PAP smears. The PAP smear test is used for cervical cancer "screening" in women. "Screening" essentially means examining a population for a particular disease/malignancy, in this case, cervical cancer. So, the PAP smears are sent to the lab where a cytotechnologist "screens" all slides for abnormal cells that may represent cancer, or a precursor to cancer (dysplasia, human papillomavirus). If they don't see anything, they can sign out the case themselves, without a pathologist/cytopathologist having to review. If they do find something they consider abnormal, it must be reviewed by a pathologist or cytopathologist.
I hope this helps clarify. Your english is very good